image 1 Image, effigy, statue, icon, portrait, photograph, mask all mean a lifelike representation especially of a living being.
Image (see also SENSATION 1) in its earliest English sense denotes a sculptured, cast, or modeled representation (as of a god or a sacred or saintly person) especially when intended for the veneration of the people. The term is also applicable to a representation of a person made in wax, clay, or other plastic substance (as for use in a museum or exhibit or by a sorcerer who wishes to injure or destroy the person through attack on his image).
Effigy is commonly limited to images sculptured, especially on sepulchral monuments (as in medieval cathedrals), or engraved, especially on coins, except in the idiomatic phrase "to burn (or hang) in effigy." In the latter use effigy often implies a crude simulacrum in clothes similar to those worn by the original which serves merely as an object on which is inflicted the sort of punishment which he is supposed to deserve

in some parts of England Guy Fawkes is burned in effigy each fifth of November

Statue applies not only to an image for use in a church but to a sculptured, cast, or modeled representation of the entire figure, especially as distinguished from a bust or head, of a living or dead person

a colossal statue of Christ on the peak of a high mountain overlooking the harbor


an equestrian statue of Washington

Icon specifically designates the type of representation of Christ, the Virgin Mary, or a saint used in Orthodox churches and homes. Because of a literal interpretation of the Second Commandment forbidding the making of graven images an icon is never a statue but is a painting, a mosaic, or a bas-relief

the walls were studded with little icons of saints, each one with its guttering lamp before it— Buchan

Portrait implies pictorial representation, especially of the figure or of the face of a person; it may be used of such a representation as is executed by drawing, photographing, engraving, or, in its now common specific sense, by painting

the Gilbert Stuart portraits of Washington


the latest portrait of the chief justice of the Supreme Court

Photograph applies only to a portrait that is made by means of a camera and sensitive plates or films.
Mask applies primarily to a molded copy of a face made in wax or plaster; thus, a death mask is a copy made very soon after a person has died, especially a cast or impression taken directly from the face of the dead person.
Analogous words: *reproduction, copy, duplicate, facsimile, replica: *form, figure, shape
2 percept, sense-datum, sensum, *sensation
Analogous words: idea, concept, impression, conception, notion: fabrication, figment (see FICTION): phantasy, *fancy, fantasy

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

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  • Image — Image …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • IMAGE — Même limitée aux arts visuels, l’image ne peut être séparée des racines profondes qu’elle a dans la mémoire, l’imagination, la pensée ou le rêve. L’image est sans nul doute l’objet de réflexion le plus rebelle aux classifications par genres et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • image — im‧age [ˈɪmɪdʒ] noun [countable] 1. MARKETING the general opinion that most people have of a person, organization, product etc: • Law suits hurt a company s image and may hinder future fund raising. • A good advertising campaign will promote a… …   Financial and business terms

  • Image — bezeichnet das innere Gesamt und Stimmungsbild bzw. den Gesamteindruck, den eine Mehrzahl von Menschen von einem Meinungsgegenstand hat (z. B. von einer Person oder Personengruppe, von einer Organisation, von einer Stadt oder Ortschaft, von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • image — IMAGE. s. f. Representation d une chose en sculpture, peinture, graveure. Les images des faux Dieux. les images des Saints. une belle image. une image bien faite, bien ressemblante. l image du Roy. briser, rompre les images. abattre les images.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Image — Im age ([i^]m [asl]j; 48), n. [F., fr. L. imago, imaginis, from the root of imitari to imitate. See {Imitate}, and cf. {Imagine}.] 1. An imitation, representation, or similitude of any person, thing, or act, sculptured, drawn, painted, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • IMAGE — im Reinraum Imager for Magnetopause to Aurora Global Exploration (IMAGE, auch Explorer 78) war ein Forschungssatellit der NASA, der als Explorer Mission der MIDEX Klasse (Middle sized Explorer) die Einflüsse des Sonnenwinds auf die Magnetosphäre… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • IMAGE — (from Imager for Magnetopause to Aurora Global Exploration ), or Explorer 78, was a NASA MIDEX mission that studied the global response of the Earth s magnetosphere to changes in the solar wind. It was launched March 25, 2000 by a Delta II rocket …   Wikipedia

  • Image — Sn Bild von jmd. in der Öffentlichkeit erw. fremd. Erkennbar fremd (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. image, dieses aus frz. image f., älter afrz. imagene Bild , aus l. imāgo ( ginis) f. Bild, Bildnis, Abbild . Entfernt verwandt ist die… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • image — Image, ou resemblance et pourtraict fait sur le vif, Effigies, Expressa imago, Icon. Image et semblance ou representation de quelque chose, Idolum idoli. Image et semblance d aucun, Imago imaginis. Une statue et image de pierre ou de bois, Statua …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

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